How Zika Virus Effects Pregnancy and Baby?

How Zika Virus Effects Pregnancy and Baby?

Pregnant women are at risk of zika virus as other people, by being bitten by Aedes. After infection, there might be no symptom of the disease.Only 1 in 4 people who are infected will experience the symptoms of low fever and rash.In some cases, the patient might experience conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, and fatigue which happens 2-7 days after being bitten.
            From the primary analysis of Health Department in Brazil, a relationship between zika infection in pregnant women and congenital microcephaly has been found, especially if the infection occurs during the first three months of the pregnancy. Currently, supported by WHO and other organizations, researchers are working to find the cause, risk factors and effects of congenital microcephaly condition.
Is there a way to treat Zika Virus? Currently, there is no vaccineor particular treatment for Zika Virus.Treatment is usually done according to exhibited symptoms to treat pregnant women and individuals. WHO suggests that pregnant women should receive close antenatal care and follow the doctor’s advice.
Can pregnant Women travel to a high-risk area? They should consult with the doctor before travel. The most important thing is to avoid being bitten by mosquitos to prevent themselves from Zika and other virus infections such as Dengue fever, Chikungunya fever, etc. Pregnant women and sexually active females should follow the guideline for tourists below;
1.  Wear long sleeves, pants and hat to reduce chances of being bitten by mosquitos
2.  Apply approved mosquito repellent and follow guildlines on the product label strictly
3.  Sleep inside a mosquito net
4.  Eliminate mosquito breeding grounds and inform doctors if traveled to a high-risk area.
Can Zika Virus transfer to the baby during pregnancy?
            There are inefficient reports to comfirm whether the virus can infect a baby during pregnancy. However, there are reports regarding similar viruses that are contracted by mosquitos such as dengue fever or chikungunya fever that can be transferred to the baby. The researchers are observing the issue closely in order to determine the possibility of infection from mother to child and effect on the child. A pregnant woman who is infected by Zika Virus should be observed closely by the doctor.
Can Zika Virus be a cause of congenital microcephaly?
            Congenital microcephaly condition is more prevalent in some states of Brazil. From the primary analysis of Health Department in Brazil, the relationship between zika infection in pregnant women and congenital microcephaly has been found, especially if the infection occurs during the first three months of the pregnancy. Currently, supported by WHO and other organizations, researchers are working to find the cause, risk factors and effects of congenital microcephaly condition.
WHO suggests that pregnant women should receive close antenatal care and follow their doctor’s advice.

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